Regardless of the reason, on Windows 11, you can use the Check Disk tool to fix most logical problems through File Explorer, Command Prompt, and PowerShell. Check Disk (chkdsk) is a tool that can scan the integrity of the file system on a partition and repair any logical errors. The command-line tool can also check and repair bad sectors if data does not write correctly or there is a physical problem with the drive. In this guide, you will learn the steps to find and fix errors with the Windows 11 installation drive and secondary storage.

Fix hard drive errors on Windows 11 Fix hard drive errors with Command Prompt Fix hard drive errors with PowerShell

Fix hard drive errors on Windows 11

To repair hard drive errors with Check Disk on Windows 11, use these steps: Once you complete the steps, if the utility did not find any errors, click the Close button, but if some errors cannot be repaired, you will be prompted to schedule another scan during the next restart.

Fix hard drive errors with Command Prompt

It is also possible to check and fix hard drive errors using the Check Disk (chkdsk) tool using Command Prompt. To fix drive problems like bad sectors on Windows 11 with Command Prompt, use these steps: Once you complete the steps, errors and bad sectors should disappear. If you want to learn more about the available options using “chkdsk,” then use the chkdsk /? command.

When using the Check Disk tool, you should always start with the /f switch to fix errors, but if you still have problems, you should use the check disk tool with the /r option, which also runs the command with the /f option turned on. After the scan, if errors are found, but there are open files, you will have to schedule a scan during the next restart (something recommended).

Fix hard drive errors with PowerShell

The Check Disk tool equivalent for PowerShell is the “Repair-Volume” cmdlet. The tool offers virtually the same functionality as the one for Command Prompt, but the one for PowerShell offers more control.  To fix hard drive errors with PowerShell, use these steps: After you complete the steps, the PowerShell command will scan and fix problems with the hard drive you specified.

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